Cannabidiol is a popular natural remedy used for many common ailments. Better known as CBD, it is one of the 110+ chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in cannabis/hemp plants.

Humans and animals have cannabinoid receptors and an endocannabinoid system that processes cannabinoids (like those found in cannabis). The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is one of the body’s largest neurotransmitter networks but was only discovered in the 1980’s – two decades after THC. The ECS is always working to achieve balance, or homeostasis, which means maintaining a stable internal environment despite changes in the external environment. Homeostasis effectively means a balance for the body’s systems, despite the constant chaos of the outside world, this is a crucial physiological system which contributes to both physical and mental health.

Cannabinoids look for and activate cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and when this takes place, the CB receptors instruct the body to feel a certain way and do certain things. They also affect and dictate the way other bodily systems function, like the immune, nervous, and gastrointestinal systems. The best way to describe the ECS is as a balancing system (or homeostatic regulator): it sends neurotransmitters (messenger + commun. molecules) to all the bodily parts to ensure that everything is working smoothly and confirm if anything needs to be rebalanced. When it finds a problem, it responds to it by sending further instructions to receptors that adjust how the body feels and thinks.

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